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:: Volume 8, Issue 3 (Autumn 2008 2008) ::
JOEC 2008, 8(3): 271-280 Back to browse issues page
Working Memory in Children with and without Attention/Deficit Hyperactive Disorder
Marjan Alirezai Motlagh Ms *, Alirezai Motlagh PhD, Valiollah Farzad PhD
Abstract:   (2886 Views)

Objective: The purpose of this research is to compare working memory in children with attention/deficit hyperactive disorder (ADHD) with the normal peers. The participants included 11 boys with and 11 boys without ADHD ageing 6 to 12 years. Method: ADHD was diagnosed utilizing a psychiatric interview, Conners parents rating scale, and CSI-4 inventory. All children were matched in IQ by Raven intelligence test. Kim Carrad visual memory test and story recall test were used to asses working memory. Results: Using t-test for independent groups, significant differences were observed between the performance of ADHD and normal children in Kim Carrad visual memory test and story recall test. Performance of children with ADHD in verbal and visual working memory tests was worse than normal children. In addition, visual processing information in ADHD children was slower than normal children. Conclusion: Weakness in working memory in ADHD children may be related to some deficits in inhibition. This research can support those theories that relate ADHD and working memory. 

Keywords: Attention deficit/hyperactive disorder, ADHD, Working memory, Visual memory, Verbal memory
Full-Text [PDF 205 kb]   (915 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Applicable | Subject: Special
Received: 2007/12/19 | Accepted: 2008/11/2 | Published: 2008/12/20
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Alirezai Motlagh M, Motlagh A, Farzad V. Working Memory in Children with and without Attention/Deficit Hyperactive Disorder. JOEC. 2008; 8 (3) :271-280
URL: http://joec.ir/article-1-344-en.html


Volume 8, Issue 3 (Autumn 2008 2008) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه کودکان استثنایی Journal of Exceptional Children
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