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:: Volume 19, Issue 2 (8-2019) ::
JOEC 2019, 19(2): 89-100 Back to browse issues page
Acquisition of internal motor representation by observing a point-light display in mentally retarded children: The role of task complexity
Saeed Ghorbani Dr *, Amir Dana Dr
Department of Physical Education, Aliabad Katoul Branch, Islamic Azad University, Aliabad Katoul, Iran
Abstract:   (238 Views)
Objective: Learning motor skills by observation has been rarely investigated in mentally retarded children. This study aimed to examine the effects of observing a point-light display on acquiring internal motor representation of sport skills with different task complexity in mentally retarded children. Method: Twenty mild mentally retarded and 20 healthy children performed photo arranging tests of a Basketball free throw and a Baseball-pitch, before and after observing the point-light model. Number of correctly arranged photos and time took the children performed the test were measured as dependent variables. Results: The results showed that from pretest to posttest the mentally retarded children improved significantly their performances in Basketball free throw, but not in Baseball-pitch. Moreover, healthy children performed better than mentally retarded children in Basketball free-throw, but not in Baseball-pitch. Conclusion: The findings are discussed in terms of the ability of mentally retarded children to learn motor skills by observation and the role of task complexity.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2018/04/21 | Accepted: 2019/05/13 | Published: 2019/09/24
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ghorbani S, dana A. Acquisition of internal motor representation by observing a point-light display in mentally retarded children: The role of task complexity. JOEC. 2019; 19 (2) :89-100
URL: http://joec.ir/article-1-865-en.html


Volume 19, Issue 2 (8-2019) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه کودکان استثنایی Journal of Exceptional Children
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