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:: Volume 17, Issue 4 (3-2018) ::
JOEC 2018, 17(4): 101-112 Back to browse issues page
A Comparative Study between Mothers with Two Children with Disabilities (Multiple Disabilities, Intellectual Disabilities, Physical and Motor Disabilities, Blindness, Visual Impairments, Deafness, and Hearing Impairment) and Mothers of Normal Children in Terms of General Health Components
Abstract:   (478 Views)
Objective: The present study aimed to see whether there is a difference between mothers of children with disabilities and mothers of normal children in terms of mental health. Method: This research was a retrospective (casual-comparative) study. Subjects comprised 516 mothers of children with disabilities (202 with intellectual disabilities, 63 with deafness, 58 with blindness, 94 with physical and motor disabilities, and 99 with multiple disabilities) selected through complete count and 69 mothers of normal children chosen randomly. Data were collected using the 28-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ) with the validity and reliability of 0.72 and 0.85, respectively. Results: Results showed a significant difference in the mental health of mothers of children with disabilities and mothers of normal children. However, in mental health symptoms, i.e. physical symptoms and depression, no significant difference was observed between the two groups. The two groups (mothers of normal children vs. mothers of children with multiple disabilities, intellectual disabilities, or physical and motor disabilities) significantly differed on two variables of anxiety and insomnia (p0.001) , while no significant difference was found between mothers of normal children and mothers of children with blindness, visual impairment, multiple disabilities, deafness, or hearing impairment. In terms of social function, a significant difference was found between mothers of normal children and mothers of children with multiple disabilities, intellectual disabilities, physical and motor disabilities, deafness, or hearing impairment (p0.001), while no significant difference was seen between mothers of normal children and mothers of children with blindness or visual impairment. Conclusion: Mental health differentiates the mothers of normal children and mothers of children with disabilities. Mothers of two children with special needs experience more stress. Therefore, their mental health status is worse than that of mothers of normal children.
 
Keywords: Mental health, Mothers of children with disabilities, Intellectual disabilities, Blindness, Deafness, Physical and motor disabilities, Multiple disabilities
Full-Text [PDF 225 kb]   (136 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2017/03/25 | Accepted: 2017/05/23 | Published: 2018/04/8
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A Comparative Study between Mothers with Two Children with Disabilities (Multiple Disabilities, Intellectual Disabilities, Physical and Motor Disabilities, Blindness, Visual Impairments, Deafness, and Hearing Impairment) and Mothers of Normal Children in Terms of General Health Components. JOEC. 2018; 17 (4) :101-112
URL: http://joec.ir/article-1-600-en.html


Volume 17, Issue 4 (3-2018) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه کودکان استثنایی Journal of Exceptional Children
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