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:: Volume 11, Issue 1 (Spring 2011 2011) ::
JOEC 2011, 11(1): 33-44 Back to browse issues page
Effects of Music Therapy on Selective Attention of Children with Attention Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder
Leila sadat Karimi 1, Hossein Zare1 , Habib Hadianfard2
1- Payame Nour University
2- Shiraz University
Abstract:   (4431 Views)

Objective: The aim of this research was to study the impacts of music therapy on selective attention of children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in Shiraz. Methods: This was an experimental design, study. Thirty male elementary students with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder were diagnosed based on DSM-IV criteria and selected.  The participants were assigned randomly to case and control groups. A series of musical activity interventions (including a music therapy program based on Orff-Schulwerk’s theory) were performed on the students of the case group. This study was performed for twelve sessions, ninety minutes per session. To assess the selective attention, both groups underwent a selective attention test (Stroop), which was available as software, before and after the interventions. The multi variable variance analysis and dependent t-test were used for data analysis. Results: The results demonstrated improvement in the post-intervention scores (the intervention score and the time of reaction) was more significant in the study group. Furthermore, there was a significant difference in the time of matched intervention (P<0.01), the time of non-matched intervention (P<0.01) and the intervention score (P<0.007). Conclusion: The results suggested a positive impact of music therapy on the selective attention of children with attention deficit-hyper activity disorder.

Keywords: ADHD, Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity, Music Therapy, Selective Attention
Full-Text [PDF 687 kb]   (6112 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Applicable | Subject: Special
Received: 2010/10/26 | Accepted: 2011/05/22 | Published: 2011/06/20
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Karimi L S, Zare H, Hadianfard H. Effects of Music Therapy on Selective Attention of Children with Attention Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder. JOEC 2011; 11 (1) :33-44
URL: http://joec.ir/article-1-250-en.html


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Volume 11, Issue 1 (Spring 2011 2011) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه کودکان استثنایی Journal of Exceptional Children

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