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:: Volume 8, Issue 1 (Spring 2008 2008) ::
JOEC 2008, 8(1): 85-97 Back to browse issues page
Pencil Grip in Students with Mental Retardation
Fatemeh Hadavandkhani Ms * , Hadi Bahrami PhD, Fatemeh Behnia Ms, Mojgan Farahbod Ms, Masood Salehi PhD
Abstract:   (918 Views)

Objective: This survey research investigates the relationship between pencil grip and some important factors in students with mental retardation. Method: 126 students with mental retardation (53 girls and 73 boys), ranging from 9 to 19 educating in grades 1st to 5th in two exceptional children schools in Shahr-e Rey, were assessed.  Those students having anatomical, neurological, orthopedic, behavioral, severe vision and hearing difficulties were already excluded. A handwriting checklist developed by the researchers was administered. Results: Correlation coefficient showed that there exists a significant positive relationship between pencil grip and handwriting (r = 0/381, p < 0/0001). No meaningful relationship was observed between pencil grip and handwriting speed. Also, no meaningful difference was found between right- or left-handed students, between males and female students, between students with and without Down’s syndrome. Conclusion: This study stresses on the corrective treatments for pencil grip that may help better handwriting. 

Keywords: Pencil grip, handwriting, mental retardation
Full-Text [PDF 3311 kb]   (395 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Applicable | Subject: Special
Received: 2007/05/22 | Accepted: 2007/12/31 | Published: 2008/06/19
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Hadavandkhani F, Bahrami H, Behnia F, Farahbod M, Salehi M. Pencil Grip in Students with Mental Retardation. JOEC. 2008; 8 (1) :85-97
URL: http://joec.ir/article-1-362-en.html


Volume 8, Issue 1 (Spring 2008 2008) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه کودکان استثنایی Journal of Exceptional Children
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