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:: Volume 17, Issue 1 (8-2017) ::
JOEC 2017, 17(1): 137-146 Back to browse issues page
The Effect of Integrated Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) & Pivotal response treatment (PRT) Method on Vocabulary Development of Children with Autism Ages 4 to 6
Abstract:   (781 Views)

دAbstract                                                                                  

Objective: The purpose of present study was to compare Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA), Pivotal Response Treatment (PRT), and the integrated (ABA and PRT) method on the vocabulary span of children with autism spectrom disorder. Method:  Using  multistage  random  sampling method, thirty children aged four to six (13 girls and 17 boys) were selected from two autism training centers in tehran. The subjects were  randomly divided in three Integrated, ABA, and PRT treatment  groups. Research method was semi-experimental  with  expanded  pre-test, post-test  group design. To screen the subjects, Giliam Autism Rating Scale (GARS) and a vocabulary assessment checklist were used. All experimental groups recieved their own  specific  programs  for 16 sessions (eight weeks), each session 90 minutes long.Results: kruskal Wallis analysis indicated that there was a significant difference (x2=60/8) among all three experimental groups. The result showed that the integrated method was more effective than the two other ones. Conclusion: This study shows that integration of ABA and PRT is more effective for vocabulary development of four to six year-old children with autism spectrom disorder.
 
 

Keywords: Autism spectrum disorder, Applied behavior analysis, Pivotal response treatment, Vocabulary span
Full-Text [PDF 193 kb]   (367 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Applicable | Subject: Special
Received: 2017/02/5 | Accepted: 2017/07/17 | Published: 2017/08/23
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The Effect of Integrated Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) & Pivotal response treatment (PRT) Method on Vocabulary Development of Children with Autism Ages 4 to 6. JOEC. 2017; 17 (1) :137-146
URL: http://joec.ir/article-1-562-en.html


Volume 17, Issue 1 (8-2017) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه کودکان استثنایی Journal of Exceptional Children
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