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:: Volume 17, Issue 3 (1-2018) ::
JOEC 2018, 17(3): 5-18 Back to browse issues page
Effectiveness of Visual Storytelling on the Reduction of Externalizing and Internalizing Behaviors in Children with Oppositional Defiant Disorder
Mohammadali Fallahnejad * , Farangis Kazemi Doctor, Shahla Pezeshk Doctor
University of Science and Research
Abstract:   (918 Views)

Objective: The aim of this research was to examine the effect of visual storytelling on externalizing and internalizing behaviors in children with oppositional defiant disorder. Method: This study was quasi-experimental (controlled pretest-posttest with follow-up). The statistical population included primary-school children in Tehran with oppositional defiant disorder. Using purposive sampling, we selected 22 primary-school children diagnosed with oppositional defiant disorder visiting a learning and therapeutic center. Before the intervention, their parents completed the Child Behavior Checklist as a pre-test. In the next step, 13 visual storytelling sessions were held for the experimental group. At the end of the intervention, the parents completed the noted checklist for pre-test and follow-up. Results were analyzed using univariate and multivariate covariance analyses. Results: The results showed that visual storytelling significantly reduced externalizing behaviors on the post-test and follow-up. However, it significantly reduced internalizing behaviors only on the post-test, with no significant change in the follow-up. Conclusion: Visual storytelling can be used as an intervention method to decrease externalizing behaviors in children. Internalizing behaviors can also be reduced in case of an ongoing implementation of this method.

Keywords: Oppositional defiant disorder, Visual storytelling, Externalizing behaviors, Internalizing behaviors
Full-Text [PDF 324 kb]   (510 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2016/12/3 | Accepted: 2017/02/26 | Published: 2017/12/31
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fallahnejad M, kazemi F, pezeshk S. Effectiveness of Visual Storytelling on the Reduction of Externalizing and Internalizing Behaviors in Children with Oppositional Defiant Disorder. JOEC. 2018; 17 (3) :5-18
URL: http://joec.ir/article-1-468-en.html


Volume 17, Issue 3 (1-2018) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه کودکان استثنایی Journal of Exceptional Children
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