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:: Volume 17, Issue 2 (11-2017) ::
JOEC 2017, 17(2): 47-56 Back to browse issues page
The Effect of Kinds of Observational Learning on Learning an Aiming in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder
Kobra Javadian , Rasool Abedanzadeh * , Mojgan Aghamohammadi
Shahid Chamran unversity of Ahvaz
Abstract:   (1083 Views)
Objective: Observational Learning or patterning is one of important tools for acquiring and learning new skills. The purpose of the study was the effect of observational instruction method on the acquisition and retention of new skills in children with autism. Method: This research performed with a semi-experimental method and pre-posttest design with retention test. For this end, 12 children with Autism Spectrum Disorder in "Darreh-Shar", were recruited in available and purposefully sampling manner and were divided equally into two groups after pre-test performing. The live modeling group observed skill that performing by expert person and video modeling group observed a video clip of an expert performing skill. The participants performed over hand throwing task to the target drawn on the floor. After the last session participants were asked to perform 10 trials as the acquisition test. Then, 24 hours afterward retention test performed that the same one. Results: The results showed that both groups had significant progress in the post-test and retention test. Two groups showed significant difference in post-test (P≤0/05) in favor video modeling group. But there was no statistically significant difference between two groups in retention test (P<0/05). However, the video modeling group performed better than other group in post and retention tests.Conclusion: According to present findings it was showed that modeling method can be a benefit interfering method for increasing performance and learning of motor skills. But it seems that video modeling method is better for children with autism spectrum disorder to learn motor skills.
Keywords: observational learning, Targeting Skills, children with autism
Full-Text [PDF 258 kb]   (378 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2016/12/3 | Accepted: 2017/02/26 | Published: 2018/03/3
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Javadian K, Abedanzadeh R, Aghamohammadi M. The Effect of Kinds of Observational Learning on Learning an Aiming in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder . JOEC. 2017; 17 (2) :47-56
URL: http://joec.ir/article-1-474-en.html

Volume 17, Issue 2 (11-2017) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه کودکان استثنایی Journal of Exceptional Children
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